Ship Data : Deepwater Horizon Support
Data collection efforts for the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Response were performed by numerous organizations including private industry, Federal and State agencies, and academic institutions. In many cases, these organizations compiled the data in databases as complete data sets. These data include CTD casts, towed fluorometry, onboard measurements from hydrocarbon sensors, GCMS, Laser In-situ Scattering Transmissometers, and laboratory analysis of collected samples. Data and documentation are available from the links below.
Completed dataset from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) collected during the response to the Deepwater Horizon incident in the Gulf of Mexico onboard the M/V Ryan Chouest Cruise 1 through Cruise 15 from 2010-06-05 to 2010-09-14 (NODC Accession 0086283)
In response to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, scientists from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) conducted on-site monitoring of dispersed oil at the request of BP.
This dataset contains structured content and unstructured content. The structured content is the CSIRO shipboard measurements including CTD vertical profiles, towed fluorometry, onboard hydrocarbon sensors and GCMS data. Unstructured content is associated with shipboard measurements, including photos, raw data files/casts, cast profiles, sonar contacts, daily reports and cruise summaries. Included in this data product are CSIRO documentation with detailed information in a database data dictionary and manifest.
CCSIRO shipboard measurements: CTD vertical profiles, towed fluorometry, onboard hydrocarbon sensors and GCMS data.
DFO Canada Database
Laser In-Situ Scattering and Transmissometer (LISST) and Conductivity Temperature Depth (CTD) measurements and supporting data collected in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill Incident from multiple vessels in the Gulf of Mexico from 21/04/2010 to 24/08/2010 (NODC Accession 0086284)
At the request of the United States government and BP, research scientists and technicians from the Centre for Offshore Oil Gas and Energy Research (COOGER), Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) conducted at-sea monitoring operations with other scientific experts on board vessels R/V Brooks McCall and R/V Ocean Veritas. From May 8 through August 24, 2010 the DFO COOGER team maintained a continuous monitoring program that recovered a total of 3197 unique water samples from 404 stations at depths down to 2000 m for analysis of dispersant effectiveness by characterizing oil droplet size and UV-fluorescence. This collection of data is organized into nine database tables which include all data used by COOGER to conduct analyses. These data include:
- LISST data for in situ deployments;
- discrete LISST data collected aboard R/V Brooks McCall and R/V Ocean Veritas;
- UV Fluorescence data collected aboard the R/V Brooks McCall and R/V Ocean Veritas;
- Hydrocarbon chemistry data;
- CTD trace data;
- CTD trace data matched to Niskin bottles;
- R/V Brooks McCall and R/V Ocean Veritas sampling station data (date, depth, location, and distance from wellhead); and
- Wellhead data including daily oil flow and recovery, and dispersant application data.
Scribe Database Collection
Collection of Scribe databases compiled in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill incident in the Gulf of Mexico from 04/23/2010 to 11/08/2011 (NODC Accession 0086261)
The Scribe Database Collection includes 14 databases containing data from the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) Oil Spill Event Response Phase. These databases are the work of Federal agencies, state environmental management agencies and BP and its contractors. The types of information include locations, descriptions, and analysis of water, sediment, oil, tar, dispersant, air and other environmental samples. Note: the water and sediment chemistry data from these databases has been extracted by cruise and archived separately in association with the other cruise-related data accessions. See the DWH Ocean In Situ Data page for access to those accessions.
- Supporting Materials
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Environmental Protection Agency Region 06
- National Park Service
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
- US Geological Survey
- Alabama Department of Environmental Monitoring
- Alabama EnviroChem, Inc.
- Florida Department of Environmental Protection
- Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality:
- Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality
- Center for Toxicology and Environmental Health:
- Environmental Standards Inc.
JAG Subsurface Dispersed Oil and Oxygen Levels
Chemical and physical oceanographic data collected from numerous vessels in the Gulf of Mexico in response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event and compiled for the Joint Analysis Group summary report: NOAA Technical Report NOS OR&R 27 (NODC Accession 0087872)
The Deepwater Horizon Joint Analysis Group (JAG) for Surface and Sub-Surface Oceanography, Oil and Dispersant Data was a working group with membership from federal agencies, BP, and academia that was formed to analyze sub-surface oceanographic data being derived from the on-going coordinated sampling efforts by private, federal and academic scientists as part of the spill response. The goal of the JAG was to provide comprehensive characterization of the Gulf of Mexico sub-surface conditions as well as the fate and transport of dispersed petroleum as a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. JAG findings were published in a series of reports for the Unified Area Command as well as the public. This accession contains Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon and Volatile Organic Analysis data from laboratory analysis, as well as in situ Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter and dissolved oxygen data. This dataset was compiled as part of the final JAG summary report, and referred to in Appendix 3 of that report, NOAA Technical Report NOS OR&R 27 (2012).
Citation for JAG summary report: Joint Analysis Group, Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (2011). Review of Subsurface Dispersed Oil and Oxygen Levels Associated with the Deepwater Horizon MC252 Spill of National Significance. NOAA Technical Report NOS OR&R 27. The report itself may be accessed through the NOAA Central Library.
What is a CTD? A Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) is an ocean instrument that has a combination of a pressure sensor (measured pressure is converted to depth), a resistance temperature measurement device (usually a platinum thermometer), and a conductivity sensor used to estimate salinity. CTDs are usually mounted on a metal frame and lowered through the water column suspended from a cable. Example CTD Plot.
What is an XBT? An eXpendable BathyThermograph (XBT) is a probe that is dropped from a ship and measures the water temperature as it falls. A very thin wire transmits the temperature data to the ship where it is recorded for later analysis. The probe is designed to fall at a known rate, so that the depth of the probe can be inferred from the time lapsed from launch.
What are ADCP/LADCP? The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while under way. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. The Lowered Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (LADCP) is an ADCP which can be lowered on a cable from the surface.
What is a Hydrocarbon Sensor Array? The Hydrocarbon Sensor Array is a sensor platform developed by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia's national science agency, for detecting different types of hydrocarbons at varying sensitivities, and in real time. The platform consists of a number of hydrocarbon sensors assembled to produce a highly sensitive and discriminatory hydrocarbon sensor capability designed to detect and differentiate hydrocarbons in a marine environment. The platform enables environmental monitoring, studying of ocean changes and the measurement of human impacts on marine environments.
What is a LISST? A Laser In Situ Scattering and Transmissometer (LISST) measures the size distribution of particles 5 to 250 microns in diameter. LISST generates diagrams of the size distribution of particles and small aggregates in the water column without disturbing them by collecting them in water bottles. Particles' sizes influence their optical properties and settling dynamics, but many of the aggregates fall apart in water bottles before they can be returned to the lab and measured.
What is a MOCNESS? A Multiple Opening/Closing Net and Environmental Sensing System (MOCNESS) is a net system for measuring plankton in the ocean. The MOCNESS is towed behind a research vessel at low speed and consists of numerous nets of varying mesh sizes. Each net can be opened and shut independently so that it samples a discrete patch of water. The net enables biologists to catch zooplankton and nekton in various depth horizons typically anywhere in the upper 500 m of the oceans. There is also an array of sensors mounted on the instrument frame that relays water conditions up to the ship in real time, typically including CTD, PAR (photosynthetically available light), transmissometry and fluorescence sensors. The sensor data help researchers match what they find in their samples to the physical properties of the seawater.
What is a MVP? The Moving Vessel Profiler (MVP) is a multi-purpose instrument for aiding in the collection of both shallow and deep water data sets. The MVP's primary function is to allow accurate data collection without the need to stop the vessel. The system includes a smart winch and deployment system which is completely autonomous and can be controlled by computer without the requirement for personnel on deck. Sensors that have been used with the MVP system include sound velocity, CTD, Laser Optical Particle Counter (LOPC) and fluorometer.
What is a SCS? The Shipboard Computer System (SCS) is a system that collects, processes, displays and stores data from the navigational and scientific sensors on NOAA ships. NOAA developed this system to modernize and standardize data collection on its primary ocean and coastal research vessels. The number and type of sensors vary according to each ship and its particular mission, but they commonly include oceanographic, atmospheric, navigational, and fisheries data instruments. Selected data from the SCS are sent electronically to NOAA data centers where they are integrated in weather and sea-state forecasts, and archived for distribution to the public.
What is a TSG? A Thermo-Salino-Graph (TSG) is an automated sea surface measurement system making measurement on board the ship using a water intake. A conductivity cell and a thermistor cell provide conductivity and temperature measurements. Salinity is derived from conductivity and temperature.