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   List of Acronyms, abbreviations and terms  

AABW Antarctic Bottom Water
AAIW Antarctic Intermediate Water
ACC Antarctic Circumpolar Current
ACCE Atlantic Climate Change Experiment
ACCP Atlantic Climate Change Program (US)
ACW Antarctic Circumpolar Wave
ADCP Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
ADEOS  ADvanced Earth Observing Satellite (Japanese NASDA satellite)
AIMS Analysis, Interpretation Modelling and Synthesis (Phase of WOCE)
AIRS Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder
AJAX 1980s survey of Southern Oceans
ALACE  Autonomous LAgrangian Circulation Explorer
AMI Advanced Microwave Instrument
AMIP Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project
AMS Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer
AO Arctic Oscillation
AOML Atlantic Oceanographic & Meterological Laboratory (NOAA, USA)
Argo Operational profiling float programme (CLIVAR-GODAE)
ARGOS Satellite location and data transmission system
ASUKA  Affiliated Surveys of the Kuroshio off Cape Ashizuri
AVHRR Along-track Very High Resolution Radiometer (on ERS satellites)
AXBT Air-dropped expendable bathythermograph
BODC British Oceanographic Data Centre (UK)
BSH Bundesamt fuer Seeschiffahrt und Hydrographie (Germany)
BW   Bottom water
CBDW Canadian Basin Deep Water
CCCO Committee on Climate Change and the Ocean
CDW   Circumpolar Deep Water
CDIAC Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (US Department of Energy)
CFC Chloro-fluoro carbon
CGFZ Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone
CLIVAR                 Climate Variability and Predictability  study (a part of WCRP)
CMDAC                Current Meter Data Assembly Center (WOCE)
CME   Community Modelling Experiment/Effort (USA)
CMIP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project
COADS                 Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set
COAPS                  Center for Ocean-Atmosphere Prediction Studies (USA)
COARE                  Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment
COG   Committee on Oceanography and GARP
CP Core Project (WOCE)
CRC Climate Research Committee
CRM   Certified Reference Manual
CSM   Climate System Model
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Australia)
CTD Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (profiler)
CUEA Coastal Upwelling Experiment-A
DAC Data Assembly Centre (WOCE)
DBCP Data Buoy Cooperation Panel
DBE Deep Basin Experiment (WOCE)
DIU Data Information Unit
DKRZ Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum (German Climate Computing Centre )
DMSP Defense Meteorological Space Program
DOE Department of Energy (US)
DPC Data Products Committee
DQE Data Quality
DSOW Denmark Strait Overflow Water
DWBC Deep Western Boundary Current
DYNAMO            Dynamics of North Atlantic Models (EU Project)
EACC East African Coast Current
EAZO Energetically Active Zones of the Ocean
EBDW Eurasian Basin Deep Water
ECCO Estimation of the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean
ECMWF                European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts
EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone
EIC   Equatorial Intermediate Current
ENSO El-Niño - Southern Oscillation
ENVISAT              ESA Satellite
EPR East Pacific Rise
ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment
ERS-1, ERS-2        European Remote Sensing Satellites
ESA European Space Agency
EU European Union
EUC Equatorial Undercurrent
FGGE First GARP Global Experiment
FRAM Fine Resolution Antarctic Model (UK)
FSU Florida State University (USA)
GARP Global Atmospheric Research Programme
GATE GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment
GCOS Global Climate Observing System
GCM   General Circulation Model
GCOM Global Change Observation Mission
GDP Global Drifter Programme
GEBCO General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans
GEOSAT                Altimeter Satellite
GEOSECS             GEochemical Ocean SECtions Study
GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (USA)
GLOBEC               Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (SCOR-IOC)
GM   Gent- McWilliams / Garrett and Munk prescription
GOALS                  Global Ocean Atmosphere Land System (CLIVAR component)
GOCE Gravity Field and Steady-State Ocean Circulation Explorer (Proposed satellite)
GODAE                Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GOOS)
GOOS Global Ocean Observing System
GPCP Global Precipitation Climatology Project
GPS Global Positioning System
GRACE                  Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (Proposed satellite)
GSDW Greenland Sea Deep Water
GTS Global Telecommunication System
GTSPP Global Temperature-Salinity Pilot Project
HEM   Horizontal Electric Field Meter
HOPE Hamburg Ocean Primitive Equation Model
IAPSO International Association of Physical Sciences of the Ocean
IB Inverted Barometer
ICSU   International Council for Science
       [Formerly: International Council for Scientific Unions]
IDOE   International Decade of Ocean Exploration
IES   Inverted Echo Sounder
IFREMER             Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer
IGBP   International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (ICSU)
IGOS   Integrated Global Observing Strategy
IGOSS Integrated Global Observing Services System
IGY International Geophysical Year
IMET   Improved Meteorological Measurements system (USA)
IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
IODE   International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IOC)
IOSDL Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory (UK)
IOSTMW               Indian Ocean Subtropical mode water
IPO International Planning/Project Office
IPCC   Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project
ISO Intra Seasonal Oscillation
ISOS   International Southern Ocean Studies
ISW Ice Shelf Water
ITF   Indonesian Through Flow
IW Intermediate Water
IWP Intergovernmental WOCE Panel
JMA Japan Meteorological Agency
JCOMM                 Joint IOC-WMO Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology
JDIMP Joint Data and Information Management Panel
JGM Joint Gravity Model
JGOFS Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (IGBP)
JOC Joint Organising Committee
JODC Japan Oceanographic Data Centre
JPL   Jet Propulsion Laboratory (USA)
JSC Joint Scientific Committee
KAPEX                  Cape of Good Hope Experiment
LADCP                  Lowered Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
LCDW Lower Circumpolar Deep Water
LCPW Lower Central Pacific Water
LDEO Lamont -Doherty Earth Observatory (USA)
LEIC   Lower Equatorial Intermediate Current
LGM   Last glacial maximum
LH Latent heat
LIW Levantine Intermediate Water
LMD   Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique (France)
LODYC Laboratoire d'Oceanographie Dynamique et de Climatologie (France)
LR Longwave radiation
LSG Large Scale Geostrophic
LSW Labrador Sea Water
MARVOR              French hybrid float of RAFOS and ALACE technology
MEDOC                 Mediterranean Ocean Convection (Experiment)
MEDS Marine Environment Data System (Canada)
METOP                  Meteorology Operational Platform
MMW Madeira Mode Water
MOC   Meridional Overturning Circulation
MODE Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment
MOI Monsoon Index
MOM Modular ocean model
MOW Modified Atlantic Water
MPI Max-Planck- Institut fuer Meteorologie (Germany)
NABE North Atlantic Bloom Experiment
NAC   North Atlantic Current
NADW North Atlantic Deep Water
NAO   North Atlantic Oscillation
NAS North Atlantic Study
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)
NASDA                 National Space Development Agency (Japan)
NASTMW            North Atlantic SubTropical Mode Water
NATRE                  North Atlantic Tracer Release Experiment
NBC North Brazil Current
NBUC North Brazil Undercurrent
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, USA
NCEP National Center for Environmental Prediction (NOAA)
NEADW                North East Atlantic Deep Water
NE(C)C                  North Equatorial (Counter) Current
NEG Numerical Experimentation Group
NEUC Northern Equatorial Undercurrent
NGCC New Guinea Coastal Current
NGDC National Geophysical Data Center (USA)
NH   Northern Hemisphere
NICC North Intermediate Counter Current
NMC   National Meterological Center
NOAA National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (USA)
NODC National Oceanographic Data Center  (USA)
NOSAMS              National Oceanographic Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (USA)
NPCMW                North Pacific Central mode water
NPIW North Pacific Intermediate Water
NPSTMW              North Pacific subtropical mode water
NSCAT                  Scatterometer satellite
NSCC Northern Subsurface Countercurrent
NSDW Norwegian Sea Deep Water
NSF National Science Foundation (USA)
NWP   Numerical Weather Prediction
OASIS Ocean, Atmosphere, Sea, Ice, Soil software
OCCAM                Ocean and Climate Coupled Atmospheric Model
ODAS Ocean Data Acquisition System (Moored buoy)
OGCM Ocean General Circulation model
OOPC Ocean Observations Panel for Climate
OOSDP                  Ocean Observing System Development Panel (replaced by OOPC)
OPA Ocean model of Laboratoire d'Oceanologie Dynamique et de Climatologie, Paris
OPA/ARPEGE       OPA coupled to the atmospheric model of Meteo France/European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts
OPYC Ocean isopycnic model
P    Precipitation
P-ALACE             Profiling - Autonomous Lagrangian Circulation Explorer
PCM5/PCM9         Pacific Current Meter array (5)(9)
PDO Pacific Decadal Oscillation
PE Primitive Equation or Potential Energy
PEQUOD               Pacific Equatorial Dynamics programme
PF Polar Front
PI Principal Investigator
PIRATA                 Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic
PNA Pacific-North American
POCM Parallel Ocean Circulation Model (US)
POLYGON            USSR mesoscale experiment
POLYMODE         1970s US-USSR mesoscale experiment
POMS Pilot Ocean Monitoring Study
PR Precipitation radar
PSMSL                  Permanent Service for Mean Sea-Level (UK)
PV Potential vorticity
PW   Petawatts
QBO   Quasi-Biennial Oscillation
QC   Quality Control
QG   Quasi- Geostrophic
RAFOS                  Reverse of SOFAR
RSBW Ross Sea Bottom Water
RV Research Vessel
SA Selective Availability
SAC Special Analysis Centre
SACW South Atlantic Central Water
SADCP                  Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
SAESTMW            South Atlantic Eastern Subtropical mode water
SAF Subantarctic Front
SAFDE Subantarctic Flux and Dynamics Experiment
SAMW Subantarctic Mode Water
SASTMW              South Atlantic Subtropical mode water
SAVE South Atlantic Ventilation Experiment
SC(S) Somali Current (system)
SCC Surface Counter Current
SCOR Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (ICSU)
SEC South Equatorial Current
SEIC   South Equatorial Intermediate Current
SEISAMW             Southeast Indian Subantarctic Mode Water
SEUC Southern Equatorial Undercurrent
SH Southern Hemisphere
SICC   South Intermediate Counter Current
SIO Scripps Institute of Oceanography (USA)
SLP Sea Level Pressure
SMMR Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
SMWG Synthesis and Modelling WG (WOCE)
SOC Southampton Oceanography Centre
SOFAR                  Sound Fixing and Ranging
SO(I)   Southern Oscillation (Index)
SOOP Ship-of-Opportunity Programme
SPESTMW            South Pacific Eastern Subtropical Mode Water
SPMW Subpolar Mode Water
SPSTMW               South Pacific Subtropical Mode Water
SR Shortwave radiation
SSCC Southern Subsurface Countercurrent
SSG Scientific Steering Group
SSH Sea Surface Height
SSM/I Special sensor microwave/imager
SST Sea Surface Temperature
SSS Sea Surface Salinity
SSW Standard Sea Water
STMW Subtropical Mode Water
STP Standard Temperature and Pressure
STR Software Test Report
STUW SubTropical UnderWater
Sv Sverdrup (Unit of current transport  106m3s-1
SVP Surface Velocity Programme (of TOGA and WOCE) (replaced by GDP) drifter
SVP-B SVP 'barometer' drifter
SYNOP Synoptic Ocean Prediction (US National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research programme)
TAO Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array
TAS Tropical Atlantic Study
THC Thermohaline circulation
TIROS Television Infrared Observation Satellite
TOGA Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (WCRP)
T/P   TOPEX/POSEIDON satellite
TMI The Microwave Imager
TRM Temporal-Residual-Mean
TRMM Tropical rainfall measuring mission
T-S or T/S              Temperature/Salinity
TTO Transient Tracers in the Ocean (Experiment)
TWXXPPC            TOGA-WOCE XBT/XCTD Planning Committee
UCDW Upper Circumpolar Deep Water
UDEL University of Delaware (USA)
UH   University of Hawaii (USA)
UNESCO               United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization,
UOP Upper Ocean Panel (CLIVAR)
VOS Voluntary Observing Ship (WMO)
WCRP World Climate Research Programme
WDC   World Data Centre, (USA)
WHOI Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (USA)
WHP   WOCE Hydrographic Programme
WHPO WOCE Hydrographic Programme Office
WJ Wyrtki jets
WMO World Meteorological Organization (UN)
WMDW Western Mediterranean Deep Water
WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment (component of WCRP)
WSBW Weddell Sea Bottom Water
WSDW Weddell Sea Deep Water
WWW World Wide Web (Internet)
XBT Expendable Bathythermograph
XCTD Expendable conductivity and temperature profiler