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OAS accession Detail for 0000653

Accession: 653 Download KML, bounding region only.

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Title:Marine biological survey of ROI-NAMUR outfall at the United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, May 2000 (NODC Accession 0000653)
Abstract:Roi-Namur is located at the northernmost tip of Kwajalein Atoll, approximately 64 kilometers north of the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) central command post on Kwajalein Islet. Roi-Namur has a single sewage outfall, which is located at the northwestern corner of the islet. Originally, the outfall extended from shore to a point about halfway across the reef flat where the pipe ended abruptly as an upturned, uncapped elbow. Raw sewage was pumped through the pipe in pulses approximately every 15-20 minutes. Waves and shallow currents across the reef flat carried at least some of the effluent back toward shore and the lagoon, creating a potentially unhealthy situation. In order to correct this problem, USAKA implemented a plan to extend the original outfall all the way across the reef flat and into the open ocean where the predominant current flow would carry effluent-mixed waters away from the islet. Ultimately, the extended outfall was to be connected to a new sewage treatment facility that would discharge primarily treated effluent. Because of a concern that this discharge might adversely impact the coral-reef community surrounding the end of the new outfall, a baseline marine biological survey was to be conducted prior to start-up of the new sewage treatment facility. As planned, the results of this survey would provide a baseline against which the results of future surveys could be compared in order to determine whether a balanced community of indigenous species had been maintained at the site during operation of the facility. If not, conversion to secondary treatment at the facility would need to be considered. The first resurvey was planned to occur one year after start-up of the new sewage treatment facility with subsequent resurveys planned for every five years thereafter. In August 1997, biologists from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) conducted the baseline marine biological survey in the vicinity of the Roi-Namur outfall. In May 2000, biologists from these agencies returned to Roi-Namur to re-characterize the coral-reef habitat and biological organisms at five survey sites in the vicinity of the outfall, previously established during the 1997 baseline marine biological survey. The purpose of the second survey was to collect data to determine whether a balanced community of indigenous species had been maintained at this location after the sewage treatment facility became operational. If not, conversion to secondary treatment at the facility would need to be considered. For the National Oceanographic Data Center, interest in the report focuses on the marine element. Data tables from marine surveys of reef fishes, corals, other macroinvertebrates, and algae that exist in those habitats are provided.
Date received:20020123
Start date:20000501
End date:20000531
Seanames:NW Pacific (limit-180)
West boundary:167.46
East boundary:167.44
North boundary:9.4
South boundary:9.37
Observation types:benthic, survey - coral reef
Instrument types:GPS, chain, visual estimate
Datatypes:BENTHIC COMMUNITIES, CORAL - SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, MACROINVERTEBRATE CENSUS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SUBSTRATUM PERCENT COVER
Submitter:Foster, Kevin
Submitting institution:US DOI; Fish and Wildlife Service; Pacific Islands Ecoregion
Collecting institutions:US DOI; Fish and Wildlife Service; Pacific Islands Ecoregion
Contributing projects:CORAL REEF STUDIES, CoRIS
Platforms:SWIMMER/DIVER
Number of observations:5
Supplementary information:
Availability date:20020123
Metadata version:3
Keydate:2002-01-23 14:32:37+00
Editdate:2013-10-16 16:29:29+00
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