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Northern North Pacific Regional Climatology
The Northern North Pacific (NNP) plays a critical role in long-term earth and ocean climate change. The NNP is a resource-reach coastal zone with abundant fisheries and other material resources. To provide an improved oceanographic foundation and reference for multi-disciplinary studies of the NNP, NCEI Regional Climatology Team developed a new set of high-resolution quality-controlled long-term annual, seasonal and monthly mean temperature and salinity fields on different depth levels. This new regional climatology is based on the World Ocean Database archive of temperature and salinity from observations spanning over more than a hundred years and incorporates a great deal of new data not previously available.
Northwest Atlantic Regional Climatology
The Northwest Atlantic (NWA) plays a crucial role in long-term earth and ocean climate change. The Gulf Stream and North Atlantic Current System are the key elements of northward heat transport and Meridional Overturning Circulation in the Atlantic Ocean. The NWA is a resource-reach coastal zone with abundant fisheries and other material resources. To provide an improved oceanographic foundation and reference for multi-disciplinary studies of the NWA, NCEI Regional Climatology Team developed a new set of high-resolution quality-controlled long-term annual, seasonal and monthly mean temperature and salinity fields on different depth levels. This new regional climatology is based on the World Ocean Database archive of temperature and salinity from observations spanning over more than a hundred years and incorporates a great deal of new data not previously available. The NWA high-resolution regional climatology is a part of the NOAA-wide Sustained Marine Ecosystem in Changing Climate (SMECC) Project.
GIN Seas Regional Climatology
The Greenland, Iceland and Norwegian Seas (GINS) – the gateways for water exchange between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic – play a key role in the entire high-latitudinal ocean climate formation and change. The magnitude of fisheries, oil and other material resources and climatic importance of GINS has spurred intensive observation and research programs in the region. To provide an improved oceanographic foundation and reference for multi-disciplinary studies of the GINS, NCEI Regional Climatology Team developed a new set of high-resolution quality-controlled long-term annual, seasonal and monthly mean temperature and salinity fields on different depth levels. This new regional climatology is based on the NCEI archive from observations spanning over more than a hundred years and incorporates a great deal of new data not previously available.
Climatological Atlas of the Nordic Seas and Northern North Atlantic
This regional climatology is not an NCEI native project and resulted from a collaboration between the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (Russia), the Geophysical Institute of the University of Bergen (Norway) and NCEI (USA). Nevertheless it correlates well with the ensemble of completed and ongoing NCEI regional climatology projects. The Atlas contains decadal, periodic, annual and monthly climatological fields of water temperature, salinity, density on a 0.25-degree grid at different depths and, additionally, time-depth diagrams of all parameters at several selected locations. Although the Nordic Seas Atlas and recently published GINS Regional Climatology do have some common features, they are substantially different in many aspects and are complementary rather than overlapping.
Arctic Regional Climatology
The Arctic Ocean is an area of intense activity both for environmental and commercial interests. Climate change has disproportionally affected this region with rising ocean temperatures and continued loss of summer sea ice extent. Oil and mineral exploration and exploitation are occurring and intensifying. To facilitate studies of the region NCEI Regional Climatology Team developed a new set of high-resolution long-term mean surface/subsurface temperature and salinity fields. These mean fields incorporate a great deal of data not previously available.
East Asian Seas Regional Climatology
The East Asian Seas Regional Climatology Version 2.0 is an update to the preliminary version released in May 2012. This update includes new temperature and salinity data spanning the period from 1804 through 2013. The climatology was recalculated based on the new data received. The East Asian Seas Regional Climatology is a set of objectively analyzed climatological fields of temperature and salinity at standard depth levels in the East Asian Marginal Seas. These fields were calculated for annual, seasonal, and monthly time periods on one-degree, quarter-degree, and tenth-degree latitude-longitude grids and are based on 1.2 million temperature profiles and 0.6 million salinity profiles.
Gulf of Mexico Regional Climatology
The Gulf of Mexico (GoM) is a large body of water which is one of the most economically and ecologically productive regions of the World Ocean and Seas with a great diversity of habitats, especially in the coastal zone. The circulation in the GoM is connected to the Gulf Stream system by the Florida Current and thus is climatically important both regionally and globally. The GoM climate variability may have a noticeable effect on the Gulf Stream strength and heat transport and can affect economic activity and ecological stability as well. Therefore, detailed GoM oceanography should be documented with the highest spatial resolution allowed data availability. To provide physical oceanography foundation for assessment of the GoM ocean climate state, a regional climatology of the GoM was compiled as a set of mean fields at 1°, 0.25°, and 0.10° resolution for temperature and salinity from the World Ocean Database. The GoM regional climatology serves as physical oceanography baseline for NOAA Gulf of Mexico Data Atlas.